The book of Shobar Quran commentary is the most famous commentaries of thirteenth century A.H. Shobar commentary is = Shobar’s triplicate commentaries, that is in Arabic and also in “Maz ji” and traditionary(raväyi) method. (Maz ji method means: new compiling by using of several texts). This Quran commentary is available with 3 name and 3 commentary.
The author’s brief biography:
Seyyed Abdullah Alavi Hosseini Mosavi, the son of Mohammad Reza Shobar Kazemi was famous to Shobar. He is one of the shiism great scholars and one of imamism jurisconsults, “mujtahids” (a law of islam experts) and “traditionists”(mohadesin) of thirteenth century A.H. He was born in a scientific and religious family in Holy Najaf in 1774A.D. (1188A.H.). From teens, he began study, and seriously made a lot of effort in performing of duties and religious sciences. He left for shiraz with his father and was student of his father and Seyyed Mohsen Araji until gained a high position and got skilled in all religious sciences. Seyyed Abdullah who was very worshipper and pious, for satisfying his Muslim brothers needs was very careful and tried. He was contemporary with “Sheikh Ja’far Käshef Al-gheta” and “Mirzaye Qomi”, and in his time, he was famous to “Majles Säni”. The famous students of this great scholar that can mention:
Sheikh Ja’far Jeballi, Sheikh Ahmad Baläghi, Seyyed Ali Ameli, Sheikh Mohammad Ismäil Khalesi, Sheikh Ismäil and Sheikh Mahdi the sons of sheikh Asäddollah Desfully Kazemi. Seyyed Shobar who was studious and made a lot of effort in the way of science, left many and valuable works behind him that were in the field of jurisprudence(feghh), theology(kaläm), methodology(osool), tradition(hadith), Rejal(means: studying biographies of the transmitters of hadith)and commentary, that have been said they are more than seventy title. This great scholar, died at the age of 54 in “Kazemain” in 1826A.D.(1242A.H.) and buried next to his father, in “Kazemain” Holy portico.
The structure and commentary of Shobar:
This commentary has been mentioned by the name of “Safat Al-Tafäsir” and “Al-Javäher Al-Samin Fi Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Mobin”. Also have been said by some (group), “Al-Kabir”, “Al-Vasit” and “Al-Vajiz”.
1- “Safat Al-Tafäsir”: The first and greatest commentary of Quran by Seyyed Shobar that famous to “Kabir (Great) commentary”.The author of “Rozät” and “Al-Zari’e” called this commentary by the name of “Tafsir Al-Kabir”(Great commentary). It is in two volumes, that by the word of one of author’s students, has been compiled(written) in 6200 lines. The first volume, is from “The Opening”(Al-Fätehe) sura up to “Yoosuf” sura and the second volume from “The Thunder”(ra’d) sura up to end of “Noble Quran”. The manuscript of author’s time, from the second volume, is available in Qom in Ayatollah Marashi’s library. The author in this his own work, commented Quran in the form of “mazji”(Mazji method means: new compiling by using of several texts) that has more “traditionary”(raväyi) aspect, and the other cases are less.
2- “Al-Javäher Al-Samin Fi Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Karim”: It is in two big volumes in Arabic, that is in “mazji” (Mazji method means: new compiling by using of several texts) and “traditionary”(raväyi) method and without introductions, started the commentary. The first volume starts from “The Opening” sura up to “The Bee”(Nahl) sura and the second volume starts from “The Israelites”(Al-Asra) sura up to end of Quran suras. This commentary has more than 34000 lines. The author of “Al-Zari’e” by the name of Sheikh Äghä Bozorg Tehrani, has seen the original copy by the handwriting of author. Of course some(group) wrongly consider this commentary as a “Kabir(Great) commentary” of seyyed Shobar.
3- “Al-Vajiz or Saghir(small) commentary”: This is the smallest triplicate commentaries of Shobar that is in one volume, in Arabic, in the method of “traditionary”(raväyi) and is the most famous commentaries of thirteenth century. This is the third commentary of author that has been summarized from two commentaries of “Al-Kabir” and “Al-Vasit” and is in the form of "mazji”(Mazji method means: new compiling by using of several texts).The author himself, at the beginning of the book, has mentioned(pointed) to this name. This commentary often and with different names such as by the name of “Shobar commentary” has been printed in Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon and Iran. The first and second commentary of author, has been written and finished in 1823A.D.(1239A.H.). Generally this commentary is in simple and fluent style and its subjects are understandable for the beginners.